NZD trades close to 0.7040 USD, around its high for the session, and above 0.9300 AUD; GBPUSD up over 2% as an early UK election announced; US Treasury rates lower on weak CPI data and delayed fiscal stimulus, 10yr rate down 7bps

By Jason Wong

The big news last night was the surprise call for an early UK election by PM May.  This has seen GBP rocket ahead.  The USD remains soft, while UST yields fall to fresh lows.

GBP/USD is up over 2% to 1.2840 and has traded in a wide range, with a spike above 1.29 and a dip down to 1.2516, as the market reacted to the call for an early-June election.  While the initial market reaction was a weaker GBP, the currency has surged ahead since.  Commentators see an early election as a positive move that will see May’s government increase its majority, provide more negotiating power in Brexit talks and decrease the probability of an exit with no EU trade deal.  In a market that has been significantly short GBP for some time, this announcement was a shock and no doubt the move higher reflects some short covering, which could continue in the weeks ahead.  NZDGBP is down to 0.5480, its lowest level since November’s flash crash.

There has been a spillover effect, with the stronger GBP supporting EUR.  EUR/USD is up 0.8% to 1.0730 but an added factor has been further general USD weakness.  After our daily report went to press yesterday, US Treasury Secretary Mnuchin gave an interview to the FT.  He confirmed that Trump’s tax reforms package would be delayed beyond the original target of August, and in response to doubts over support for the border-adjusted tax plan he said that there may be other ways of raising $1 trillion.  The government would be looking for stronger growth to deliver higher tax revenue, a rather optimistic assumption.

There has also likely been some follow-through reaction to the USD from Good Friday’s very weak US CPI data.  The combination of delayed fiscal stimulus and weak inflation sees Fed rate hikes continue to be priced out of the curve.  The probability of a June rate hike is now down to 40%, while just one full rate hike is now priced by December.  This dynamic has seen the US 2-year Treasury rate fall 4bps to 1.16%.  The 10-year rate has fallen fairly steadily since Asia trading began and is down 7bps to 2.18%. Weaker equity markets, driven by some weaker earning announcements from the likes of Goldman Sachs and Johnson and Johnson, have supported the move lower in Treasury yields.

The soft USD has helped the NZD make some further gains and it currently trades close to 0.7040, at its highs for the session.  The latest GDT dairy auction showed a 3.1% rise in average prices and whole milk powder prices up 3.5%, in line with our expectations.  We think that the NZD can maintain a 0.70 handle over coming months and the near-term risk is for a further push higher towards our short-term fair value model estimate of just above 0.72.  That said, geopolitical risks continue to linger in the background and that remains a key source of uncertainty about the outlook.

The AUD hasn’t joined the ride higher as very weak iron ore pricing continues, which sees AUD/USD down to 0.7560.  The Qingdao iron ore benchmark fell by 4.6% yesterday, taking the cumulative fall since peaking in February to 33%.  As regular readers will know, we were puzzled with AUD strength earlier this year at a time when the NZD was getting slammed.  Fundamentals appear to be more in play now and this sees NZD/AUD up through 0.93 and we see further upside ahead, with an end-June target of 0.95.

The soft USD and lower Treasury yields has helped push USD/JPY down to 108.50.  NZD/JPY is a touch higher at 76.4.

Local rates trading yesterday was quiet, with traders still in a holiday mode.  Swap rates were up 2-3bps across the curve, playing catch-up to the Asian trading session the previous day.  We are likely to see lower rates today on the back of lower US treasury yields.  The economic calendar ahead is light for the next 24 hours and locally the focus of attention will be Thursday’s Q1 CPI release, which is expected to show a significant rise in inflation.  More on that tomorrow.


 

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Daily exchange rates

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